The First Reading from Genesis 45:1-15
Then Joseph could no longer control himself before all those who stood by him, and he cried out, “Send everyone away from me.” So no one stayed with him when Joseph made himself known to his brothers.2And he wept so loudly that the Egyptians heard it, and the household of Pharaoh heard it. 3Joseph said to his brothers, “I am Joseph. Is my father still alive?” But his brothers could not answer him, so dismayed were they at his presence. 4Then Joseph said to his brothers, “Come closer to me.” And they came closer. He said, “I am your brother, Joseph, whom you sold into Egypt. 5And now do not be distressed, or angry with yourselves, because you sold me here; for God sent me before you to preserve life.6For the famine has been in the land these two years; and there are five more years in which there will be neither plowing nor harvest. 7God sent me before you to preserve for you a remnant on earth, and to keep alive for you many survivors. 8So it was not you who sent me here, but God; he has made me a father to Pharaoh, and lord of all his house and ruler over all the land of Egypt. 9Hurry and go up to my father and say to him, ‘Thus says your son Joseph, God has made me lord of all Egypt; come down to me, do not delay. 10You shall settle in the land of Goshen, and you shall be near me, you and your children and your children’s children, as well as your flocks, your herds, and all that you have. 11I will provide for you there—since there are five more years of famine to come—so that you and your household, and all that you have, will not come to poverty.’12And now your eyes and the eyes of my brother Benjamin see that it is my own mouth that speaks to you. 13You must tell my father how greatly I am honored in Egypt, and all that you have seen. Hurry and bring my father down here.” 14Then he fell upon his brother Benjamin’s neck and wept, while Benjamin wept upon his neck. 15And he kissed all his brothers and wept upon them; and after that his brothers talked with him.
The Holy Gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ according to Matthew 15:10-28
10Then he called the crowd to him and said to them, “Listen and understand: 11it is not what goes into the mouth that defiles a person, but it is what comes out of the mouth that defiles.” 12Then the disciples approached and said to him, “Do you know that the Pharisees took offense when they heard what you said?” 13He answered, “Every plant that my heavenly Father has not planted will be uprooted. 14Let them alone; they are blind guides of the blind. And if one blind person guides another, both will fall into a pit.” 15But Peter said to him, “Explain this parable to us.” 16Then he said, “Are you also still without understanding?17Do you not see that whatever goes into the mouth enters the stomach, and goes out into the sewer? 18But what comes out of the mouth proceeds from the heart, and this is what defiles. 19For out of the heart come evil intentions, murder, adultery, fornication, theft, false witness, slander. 20These are what defile a person, but to eat with unwashed hands does not defile.” 21Jesus left that place and went away to the district of Tyre and Sidon.22Just then a Canaanite woman from that region came out and started shouting, “Have mercy on me, Lord, Son of David; my daughter is tormented by a demon.” 23But he did not answer her at all. And his disciples came and urged him, saying, “Send her away, for she keeps shouting after us.” 24He answered, “I was sent only to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.” 25But she came and knelt before him, saying, “Lord, help me.” 26He answered, “It is not fair to take the children’s food and throw it to the dogs.” 27She said, “Yes, Lord, yet even the dogs eat the crumbs that fall from their masters’ table.” 28Then Jesus answered her, “Woman, great is your faith! Let it be done for you as you wish.” And her daughter was healed instantly.
God can change horrible events into positive outcomes –
A homily for August 20 by Mother Beth
The Genesis readings have been revealing to us the story of the election of Israel – how God chose a particular people – how he caused them to prosper and thrive in the face of tremendous adversity. In Genesis 12 God calls Abraham and promises to make him a great nation. The chapters that follow tell the miraculous stories of Isaac, Jacob and Genesis wraps up with the adventures of Jacob’s twelve sons who will become the beginning of the twelve tribes of Israel. Joseph is an important part of how God miraculously keeps Israel from becoming extinct.
The Joseph story shows how God is able to take horrible circumstances and bring about a positive outcome. Joseph is a dreamer and he tells his dreams to his brothers – the dreams reveal that Joseph will be a powerful man and that others will bow down to him. The brothers who are already tired of their father doting on Joseph are not happy to hear about Joseph’s great ideas about his own success, so they plot to kill him. The brothers take Joseph and throw him in a pit. When some slave traders pass by – Judah suggests that they sell Joseph as a slave instead of killing him.
Joseph is taken to Egypt and ends up being a slave in the house of Pharaoh. It is not an easy road but God continues to bless Joseph. Eventually when the Pharaoh has some dreams that he does not understand Joseph is called in to explain the dreams and Pharaoh promotes Joseph. God gives Joseph the wisdom and insight to predict a famine and plan a strategy for storing food and saving the nation.
When the famine hits the land of Canaan – Jacob sends his sons to seek out help from Egypt and the brothers end up face to face with Joseph.
Joseph is not recognized by his own brothers – remember they assume by this time that he may be dead since the life of a slave is not usually a long one and they have no idea where he was sold. Who thinks that a slave will become an important dignitary in another country? So when the brothers come face to face with Joseph it is out of context and he is dressed as an Egyptian so they do not recognize him. He, however, does recognize them. So Joseph is presented with a dilemma – should he reveal himself or should he avenge himself? What would you do?
When the power shifts and we who were once offended or beaten are now in control – what will we do? When given the opportunity to seek out vengeance, will we take it?
Joseph tests the brothers integrity. He tries to determine if they will do again to someone else what they have done to him and so he demands that they get Benjamin (his youngest brother and the only other child of Rachel). He puts the brothers in a position to sell out Benjamin for their own safety. But this time instead of selling or betraying a brother – Judah offers his own life in exchange for his brother. This response shows Joseph that it is safe for him to reveal himself. And so this morning we hear the final scene and this amazing story as Joseph reveals his identity to his brothers. It is a beautiful portrayal of forgiveness. Joseph is able now to see how God turned the horrific events of his young life into an opportunity for the success and continuation of the nation. Joseph emphasizes God’s place in the events but it is important to note that he does not justify the actions of his brothers. He notes that they intended evil toward him – “What you meant for evil – God meant for good” and he acknowledges “you sold me into slavery” – so he names the offense that they committed against him. Sometimes I think we imagine forgiveness is just about forgetting what happened but the Joseph story reveals that forgiveness is about naming the wrong, confronting the other person and then choosing not to use your power over them – surrendering your right to vengeance or retaliation.
It is a powerful story of redemption for the brothers who reveal that they have indeed changed and that they now are willing to lay down their lives for another. This new motivation – this change in their approach to others is what makes it possible for Joseph to be reconciled to them. God has created a wonderful opportunity for complete healing in this family.
We might be tempted to say – Joseph has let his brothers off the hook – how will they be made accountable for their actions? Joseph sends the brothers back to his father. They will now have to explain how it is possible that this beloved son whom Jacob has presumed dead all this time is now alive. They will have to own up to what they have done so long ago and then there can be complete forgiveness and reconciliation.
So the challenge that I see in this passage is … are we able to step back from our own lives and see the bigger picture that God has in store for his church? Joseph was able, over time, to recognize how God was taking the horrible events of his life and building something of greater significance. Are we able to see that God is doing something on a grander scale or are we so focused on our own daily troubles that we can not see God’s hand at work?
In the gospel reading Jesus is explaining to the disciples that the intentions of the heart are what is most important. He emphasizes that the washing of hands is just a symbol it does not determine if someone is clean or unclean but the intentions of the heart and what someone says is what reveals whether or not they really understand who God is. And then we hear about a woman desperate for her daughter’s healing. The disciples are more concerned about freeing Jesus up to do the ministry that he needs to do for those who are already accepted as believers.
Even Jesus comments that he has been sent to the house of Israel – that there is enough work for him there – he doesn’t need to seek out other nations to minister to. But the woman is persistent and recognizes that even the crumbs – the bits that drop off the table – are enough to bring about a miracle for her daughter’s life. She is willing just to take the leftovers – she doesn’t need to sit right up to the table. Jesus commends her faith and her daughter is healed. The woman who is a gentile – an outsider – recognizes how powerful God is and how she needs some of what he offers so that her daughter can experience healing.
Are we desperate for what God can give? Are we desperate enough to humble ourselves and ask? Are we so intent on checking out who is in and who is out – who is Christian and who is not that we miss those opportunities when we could extend grace and mercy to others?
Like Joseph’s brothers, are we willing to humble ourselves and ask forgiveness for the horrible things we have done so that healing and reconciliation can happen? What are the thoughts and intentions of our heart? Can we see God working on the bigger picture – bringing healing and hope to our community?
God has a plan and his plan is bigger than any of our personal goals or dreams. May God give us the grace and mercy to see his hand at work in our own lives and in the lives of those around us and may we be willing to work in partnership with him. Amen.